Pathways to transformation related to the global environmental commons also need more science.
There is also science in the Integrated pathways to transformation. The authors develop especially about science diplomacy.
There are a number of examples in which science diplomacy has resulted in environmental protection. However, science within governments is underused as a diplomatic tool. The degradation of global commons needs higher emphasis on science diplomacy, extending to the management of ungoverned spaces, such as the seabed, space and cyberspace.
It is a goal for IYBSSD 2022 to enhance the visibility of science contribution to diplomacy, and to increase this contribution.
As an illustration of such contribution, the authors mention the climat change issue. There are others, happily, as several international conventions related to SDGs also rely on science and technology.
In sum, effective provision of the global commons relies not only on single pathways, but also on interactions among multiple pathways. For instance, transnational climate change initiatives are interacting with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change process and have provided an important foundation for the Paris Agreement. In all those areas, science and technology can make a critical contribution […]