Financial support for authors and quality peer-review publications should be guaranteed, as 16 physics societies pledge commitment to Open Access (OA) for physics research.
Major physics societies, which support physical science researchers with the publication of more than 75,000 peer-reviewed journal articles each year, have joined forces to show their commitment to open access (OA) for physics research.
In a joint statement, the 16 societies detail how they have long embraced open science and OA to research results. Their proactive engagement, such as the launch of high-quality OA journals, switching hybrid journals to full OA and establishing transformative agreements, has contributed to an average annual growth in OA physics articles of more than 25%, compared with an overall average annual growth in physics articles of around 2%.
Having supported open publishing in physics for decades, the group’s common ambition is that all OA models provide financially sustainable support for author choice and the quality of peer-review and publication upon which excellent physics research relies.
Sustainable support for authors, peer-review
The statement highlights how policies, such as the proposed Coalitions Rights Retention Strategy, could undermine the viability of high-quality hybrid journals and the important role they play in balancing OA expansion with the researchers’ freedom to publish where they choose. It stresses the need for broader international financial support for OA to be in place before hybrid journals can fully transition, pointing out that adjustments to the global flow of funding will take time.
The group also acknowledges the strong culture of sharing results before peer review via preprint platforms and calls for funders to increase their recognition and encouragement for this practice in physics as a complement to peer-reviewed journal publication.
The joint statement is a call for a pragmatic, inclusive and sustainable approach to OA. It is also a commitment, as major physics societies representing the interests of their communities, to work together to make it happen.
Achieving greater open access in physics
We as physics societies exist to ensure that physics delivers on its exceptional potential to benefit society. We recognise the important role of universal access to knowledge in achieving this goa and are therefore committed to making open access (OA) to physics research a reality. We welcome the increased policy momentum towards open science publishing but urge all stakeholders to ensure that the routes by which we achieve OA preserve the diversity, quality and financial sustainability of the peer-reviewed publishing upon which our research community depends.
Physics has long embraced open science and OA to research results. Physicists were among the first to share preprints via arXiv (1991), launch fully OA journals such as Optics Express (1997) and New Journal of Physics (1998), and implement innovative OA business models like SCOAP1 (2014). We continue to invest in launching high-quality OA journals, such as Physical Review X and Optica, and have established a range of transformative agreements2 with institutions to facilitate their transition to OA. Over the past decade, such proactive engagement has resulted in an average annual growth in OA physics articles of more than 25%, compared with an overall average annual growth in physics articles of around 2%3.
Physics articles mostly in hybrid journals
Whilst there has been considerable progress in creating fully OA physics journals, more than 85% of all physics articles continue to be published in hybrid journals3. Hybrid journals therefore still have an essential role to play in balancing the expansion of OA with preserving researchers’ freedom to publish in the most appropriate journal for their research. The ability of these journals to transition sustainably is challenged by the prospect of free and unrestricted distribution of accepted manuscripts without concomitant funding for the peer review and publication costs involved.4 We are concerned that policies such as the proposed Coalition S Rights Retention Strategy would undermine the viability of high-quality hybrid journals and mean that many physics researchers no longer have an adequate range of options or freedom of choice in where they publish their work.
Of course, any future without fees for readers of research would require the costs of the scholarly publication system to be funded entirely by the producers of research or other institutional sponsors. Broader global financial support for OA will need to be in place before most hybrid physics journals can viably transition – for instance, the current proportion of paid OA physics articles produced by EU member states is around twice that of India or Russia. Adjustments to the global flow of funding will take time.
Expanding access to research
In the meantime, we are fortunate in physics to have a thriving culture of sharing early-stage results, prior to peer review, via preprint platforms such as arXiv. There remains considerable opportunity to expand public access to research rapidly, even in physics5, if funders increase their recognition and encouragement for this practice as a complement to peer-reviewed journal publication.
Physicists will continue to innovate in OA and open science, and physics societies endorse any and all OA models that can provide financially sustainable support for author choice and the quality of peer review and publication upon which excellent physics research relies.
Angela Keyser on behalf of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine
Lisa Keefe on behalf of the American Crystallographic Association
Michael Moloney on behalf of American Institute of Physics
Kate Kirby on behalf of American Physical Society
Petra Rudolf on behalf of European Physical Society
Paul Hardaker on behalf of Institute of Physics
Elizabeth Rogan on behalf of The Optical Society (OSA)
Michael Graham on behalf of The Society of Rheology
Beth Cunningham on behalf of the American Association of Physics Teachers
Amy Walker on behalf of AVS Science & Technology of Materials, Interfaces, and Processes
Daniel Dumbacher on behalf of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Susan Fox on behalf of the Acoustical Society of America
Nathaniel Quick on behalf the Laser Institute of America
Kevin Marvel on behalf of the American Astronomical Society
Stephen O’Connor on behalf of Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine
Jie Zhang on behalf of the Chinese Physical Society
1Hybrid journals operate on a subscription basis but enable researchers to publish individual articles on an open access basis with subscription costs adjusted to reflect any fees from open access articles.
2Arrangements that redirect an increased proportion of an institution’s funds towards OA publishing, which may also be known as ‘read and publish’or ‘publish and read’ agreements.
3This and other publication figures obtained from the Dimensions research data platform
4 Before any articles are even accepted for publication, journal editorial teams engage with their research communities to develop an appropriate scientific scope and direction for the journal, and to maintain an active, engaged and informed editorial board and network of peer reviewers. The editorial teams coordinate efficient and rigorous peer review in accordance with the latest standards for publication ethics and research integrity and utilise ever-evolving online editorial systems. These activities require trained, professional staff supported by increasingly complex technologies, as well as the necessary management, legal, financial and administrative overheads.
This post has first been published by EPS.