International Symposium for Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development
14: 00-14:10 – Opening
Chen Gang, researcher of the Institute of High Energy Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences
Moderator: Wu Baojun, Executive Vice Secretary-General of the Association for Science and Technology of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
14:10-14:40 – Exploring the Deepest Structure of Matter: China’s Opportunities and Contributions
Reported by: Wang Yifang, Director of the Institute of High Energy Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Foreign Academician of the PAH and Academician of the World Academy of Sciences
Particle physics, which studies the deepest structure and interaction of matter and intersects with the origin and evolution of the universe, is one of the cutting-edge study fields of basic science. This report will introduce the status quo, development goals and planning of particle physics experimental study, and discuss the path and possibility of China’s particle physics for achieving international leadership.
14:40-15:10 – “Carbon Neutrality” Goals and Accelerator-driven Advanced Nuclear Energy
Reported by: Zhan Wenlong, nuclear physicist and Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences
The “carbon neutrality” energy goal does not only achieve “ensuring that everyone has access to affordable, reliable and sustainable modern energy” proposed by the United Nations in 2015, but also includes low-carbon energy for improving the ecological environment. The new goal of energy not only requires not only a new energy revolution, but also requires supporting the energy revolution by relying on basic scientific innovation. This report introduces two major national scientific and technological infrastructures under construction and new nuclear energy research on the stable energy – nuclear energy, which addresses the biggest challenge to achieving “carbon neutrality” energy.
15:10-15:40 – Heavy Ion Physics Explores the Unknown and Contributes to Society
Reported by: Zhao Hongwei, Secretary of the Party Committee and Deputy Director of the Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Heavy ion nuclear physics is about the study of the origin, existence limit, basic structure and interaction of matter from multiple levels such as nucleons, nuclei and nuclear substances, and its frontier study fields include atomic nuclear structure, nuclear astrophysics, nuclear structure, quark matter phase structure, and intersection of several important frontiers of basic physics with nuclear physics, such as high-ionized atomic physics and heavy ion-driven high energy density physics. There are a series of cutting-edge major scientific issues that need resolving, such as: the source of heavy elements, the limits of the existence of atomic nuclei and the basic properties of peculiar nuclear structure and nuclear forces; the origin of nuclear matter phase structure and nucleon mass: quantum electrodynamics effects (QED) in supercritical fields; the equation of state of warm dense matter and its radiation transport properties under conditions of extremely high pressure and high density. In addition to further deepening people’s understanding of the material world and its basic laws, the new knowledge, technologies and methods derived from the solution of these major scientific issues and the study in the frontier field are also widely used in medical, aerospace and other economic and social development and national needs, such as heavy ion beam tumor treatment, radiation resistance detection and reinforcement of aerospace devices, and nuclear microporous membrane applications. The study on these cutting-edge basic sciences and major nuclear technology applications increasingly rely on the support by the large scientific devices of particle accelerator.
15:40-16:10 – Numerical Modeling of Space Weather
Reported by: Shen Fang, Researcher of the National Space Science Center, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Deputy Director of the Key Laboratory of Solar Activity and Space Weather, State Key Laboratory of Space Weather, and Post Professor of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Solar flares, coronal mass ejection and other eruptions caused by the sun will lead to drastic changes in the space environment near the Earth, which is often referred to as space weather. How to predict the arrival time and intensity of space weather events and mitigate or avoid the losses caused by space weather events are major frontier issues that human high-tech activities are confronted with. In recent years, scientists have been committed to combining a variety of observation data with space weather modeling and forecasting, and accelerating the realization of numerical modeling for tracking the whole process of space weather events with the help of our scientific understanding of space weather and modern technical means such as supercomputing, so as to make better physical explanations and more accurate forecasts of the propagation process of space weather events.
16:10-16:40 – Giant Crystal Ball Catches Ghost Particles
Reported by: Zhao Jie, Distinguished Youth Researcher of the Institute of High Energy Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences
“Ghost Particle” – neutrino – is one of the most basic particles in the material world. All things in the universe are constantly releasing neutrinos and catching neutrino, which is expected to explore the origin of the universe and the evolution of stars. In order to study the essential properties of neutrinos, the main goal of the Jiangmen Neutrino Experiment, a large scientific device being built in Guangdong, China, is to decipher the scientific issue on which of the three neutrinos is heavier and lighter. The Jiangmen Neutrino Experiment is building the world’s largest and cleanest liquid scintillator detector to capture neutrinos emitted by reactors in large quantities. Today’s science will be tomorrow’s technology. As the mystery of neutrinos is continuously revealed, neutrinos’ properties make it possible to become the treasure of future communications. Let’s wait and see!
[Cloud Visit to Laboratories]
1. Gran Sasso Deep Earth Laboratory
The Gran Sasso Deep Earth Laboratory (LNGS) in Italy is the largest deep earth laboratory in the world, located in the Gran Sasso Mountain in Abruzzo, 120km east of Rome, Italy. At present, the main experiments in the laboratory include dark matter experiments (DarkSide, XENON, etc.), neutrino experiments (BOREXINO, GERDA, etc.) and nuclear astrophysics experiment (LUNA). The DarkSide dark matter experiment is a key cooperative experiment between the Institute of High Energy Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Italian Institute of Nuclear Physics.
Narrated by: Aldo Ianni, Head of Scientific Strategy and Collaboration between Underground Laboratories Unit and Former Director of the Laboratorio Subterráneo de Canfranc Laboratory in Spain
2. AMS Payload Control Center
The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) is a particle physics testing equipment installed on the International Space Station, which is currently the only particle physics precision magnetic spectrometer that has been in long-term operation. The main physical goal is to find dark matter and primordial antimatter to study the origin of cosmic rays, which is of great significance for human beings to understand the universe. The experiment was led by Professor Ding Zhaozhong, the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics. The Institute of High Energy Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences was one of the teams that initiated the experiment.
Narrated by: Ding Zhaozhong, Chinese American, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics, and foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Ding has been engaged in high-energy physics experiments for a long time. Having accurately tested quantum electrodynamics, quantum chromodynamics and unified electro-weak theory, he has discovered J particles and gluons to explore new physical phenomena, with a series of major results achieved.
3. Jiangmen Neutrino Experiment
The Jiangmen Neutrino Experiment is a large-scale international cooperation project led by the Institute of High Energy Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, and will become an internationally leading neutrino laboratory in the future, with the scientific goal of determining the mass sequence of neutrinos, accurately measuring neutrino mixing parameters, and conducting a number of other cutting-edge scientific research.
Narrated by: Ma Xiaoyan, Professor-level Senior Engineer at the Institute of High Energy Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences. He has participated in the Daya Bay Neutrino Experiment of Beijing Electron Positron Collider Transformation Project, and is currently the Chief Engineer of Jiangmen Neutrino Experiment. He has been selected into the 2016 Key Technical Talents Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.