How does basic research acts as the foundation of societal change? This report by Abdulsalam MAHMUD explains.
For societal change to unfold, basic research acts as the foundation underlying high-impact applications, from biomedicine to manufacturing, an article first published on AsianScientist, but shared by CHAD NEWS said.
The write-up titled: “2022 Declared International Year Of Basic Sciences For Sustainable Development,” noted that countries vary widely in the extent of their investments in the basic sciences, with some allocating less than 10 percent of their research expenditure to these fundamental studies.
Capacities in basic sciences
It explained that by building capacities in the basic sciences, countries will be better equipped to meet today’s pressing challenges while preparing for future threats.
In a move that shifted the spotlight to fundamental research endeavors worldwide, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in December 2021 approved a resolution endorsing 2022 as the International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development, it would be recalled. The declaration heeds the recommendations of 193 UN member states and was announced last December 2, 2021.
Awareness about basic research
According to the articled published by AsianScientist, the UN hopes to raise awareness about the value of basic research in raising the standards of living and achieving sustainable development, with the new resolution.
Part of it reads: “The UN first set out the 2030 Agenda and 17 Sustainable Development Goals in 2015 as an urgent call for action, spurring strategies to achieve prosperity, reduce inequalities and protect the future of the planet.
The 2030 deadline
“With the 2030 deadline less than a decade away, member states and organizations around the world continue to lay out ambitious plans toward goals like zero hunger, affordable and clean energy, climate action as well as industry, innovation and infrastructure.
“…The response to the COVID-19 pandemic has been a shining example, with the first approved vaccines using messenger RNA technology, built on principles discovered through fundamental molecular biology research decades ago.
“Meanwhile, discoveries about molecules, their structures and functions are laying the groundwork for catalyzing more energy-efficient reactions and building more durable materials.
Basic science and society
“Another testament to the links between basic science and societal progress is the development of the transistor, a critical component of just about every electronic device used by households and industries everyday.
“It took about 50 years of basic research before the first transistor radio entered the market, eventually paving the way for smaller and smaller circuits. Now, thousands of tiny transistors work together in smartphones and high-performance computers.
Year of Basic Sciences
“With 2022 now formally recognized as the Year of Basic Sciences, a kick-off conference is slated for June 30 to July 1 next year, with initiatives and activities set for launch to promote support for fundamental research efforts globally.
“This culminates a four-year campaign led by the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics alongside 25 other scientific unions and research organizations.”
By Abdulsalam Mahmud.
This news post was produced from an opinion-editorial culled from CHAD NEWS.